The EU MRV regulation moves a step closer in August 2017 when vessel operators will be required to have their monitoring plans in place. For this month's blog, Damian McCann, product manager at Royston, has therefore put together his thoughts on implications and technology to help marine vessel owners and operators comply.
The EU MRV (monitoring, reporting and verification) regulation came into force in July 2015 and is designed to cut marine vessel CO2 emissions through the enhanced capture and collection of data.
Specifically, it requires ship owners and operators to start to log and monitor fuel consumption more effectively, and annually report and verify CO2 emissions for vessels equal to or larger than 5,000 GT which call at EU ports. The move is designed to generate a 2% reduction in CO2 levels in the face of predictions of an increase in marine emissions by between 50% and 250% by 2050, depending on future economic and energy developments.
A range of travel and performance information, such as a vessel’s port of departure and port of arrival, including the date and hour of departure and arrival, needs to be captured under MRV and reported by operators. In addition, cargo carried, time spent at sea, distance travelled, the amount and emission factor for each type of fuel consumed in total and the CO2 emitted must also be reported.
This information must be reported on a voyage by voyage basis, and in addition to the shipping operator reporting annually aggregated figures, the data can be used to calculate and report average energy efficiency.
As specified in Article 6 of the Regulation, for every vessel that will be making a commercial call in an EU port from January 2018, a monitoring plan (MP) needs to be developed that must include the identity of the ship and shipping company/ship owner, an identification of emissions sources, a description of procedures for monitoring voyages, fuel consumption and activity data, methodology for data gaps, as well as procedures for quality control and identification of responsibilities and ICT systems used.
The MP must also specify which of the four-permissible emissions logging and monitoring methods have been used. The permitted methods are via bunker fuel delivery notes and periodic stock-takes of fuel tanks, bunker fuel tank monitoring on board, flow meters for applicable combustion processes, or direct emissions measurements.
Monitoring plans must be in place by 31st August 2017 and submitted for verification ahead of formal reporting starting in January 2018. The emissions and transport work data for 2018 must then be consolidated in an annual report, which must be verified by an independent accredited verifier by 30th April 2019.
Once this is done, the report must be submitted to the European Commission and the Flag State, and the vessel should carry on-board the document of compliance from June 2019.
With the first legal deadline of 31st August 2017 looming, it is paramount that operators have their MRV preparations in place, and moves in this direction will be seen as a boost for those manufacturers supplying marine system and equipment. Thousands of vessels could need to invest in retrofitting monitoring technologies to ensure compliance while new ship builders will also be required to consider the options for installing requisite technology as part of ship-wide system infrastructure specification.
It is clear that effective fuel monitoring and management systems are at the centre of the MRV Regulations and that access to reliable fuel consumption data will be being critical to improving the operational efficiency of vessels while at sea, as well as playing an effective role in long term marine engine performance evaluation and mandatory maintenance programmes.
Feature rich technologies such as Royston’s enginei fuel management system, which has been designed specifically to enable vessel operators to monitor and improve fuel optimisation and performance efficiencies, can automate the whole process from fuel logging through data transfer to analysis and reporting, enabling operators to easily and successfully comply with their MRV obligations.
All four methods of monitoring and recording vessel performance data are within the capability of the system, which has at its heart an expanded on-board flowmeter and sensor system to accurately acquire real time fuel, engine and vessel performance measurements.
These are supported by powerful data collection software that facilitates the full analysis and reporting of engine performance and voyage data for crucial fuel analysis and optimisation decisions.
For full MRV compliance requirements, and building on the enhanced fuel data analysis and engine performance reporting options, the latest version of enginei incorporates full emissions monitoring modules, either by using a vessel’s existing gas analyser or a low-cost engine profile-based emissions analysis method.
All the information captured on board is also made available for remote interrogation by onshore management and supervisory staff through a secure online portal and web dashboard, with enhanced data transmission between ship and shore. In this way, data can be collected and presented for automatic submission to MRV verifiers.
Equipment manufacturers who have systems in place or under development will be boosted by the latest step along the path towards MRV but understanding the concerns of both vessel owners and operators and engine OEMs will also be critical. Compliance will see many ships investing in fuel monitoring and management systems in the next few years, driving demand for relevant sector expertise and experience.
Moreover, the capacity to design, building and supply systems quickly and competitively, which are backed up by engineering support, will also be key drivers for successful suppliers to the sector along with a global reach in the face of the anticipated extension of MRV beyond EU compliance to worldwide system to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy efficiency.